Understanding Cardiology and How This Info Can Save Lives

Understanding Cardiology and How This Info Can Save Lives

Cardiology is the study of the heart and is a sub-area of internal medicine. Cardiology deals with all diseases that affect the cardiovascular system. The heart pumps the blood through the circulatory system. The blood supplies the organs and tissues with the necessary amounts of oxygen and nutrients. Because of this function, the heart is often referred to as a motor or a pump. The heart is the driving force of the human body, without which life would not be possible. Accordingly, diseases of the cardiovascular system can have serious consequences, including death. They are the leading cause of death in industrialized nations.

To learn more visit https://www.carolinacardiologyassociates.com/contact-us/.

What is a cardiologist?

A cardiologist is a specialist in internal medicine (so-called internist) who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and research of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Cardiology must be differentiated from the cardiac surgeon: he or she is not part of cardiology but surgery. Cardiology is often involved in the planning of appropriate interventions.

In practice, there is not always a clear distinction between medical sub-disciplines. Depending on the particular clinical picture, the work of the cardiologist may overlap with that of the pulmonologist or angiologist (specialist for blood vessels). A special branch of cardiology is pediatric cardiology. The so-called pediatric cardiologists have completed five years of specialist training as pediatricians after completing their medical studies. This is followed by a further three-year training course to specialize in pediatric cardiology.

What diseases do cardiologists work with?

All diseases that are specifically related to the cardiovascular system fall within the work of the cardiologist. Important illnesses that he treats include

  • Heart valve disease

  • Myocarditis

  • Heart failure (heart failure)

  • Heart attack

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)

  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)

  • Coronary heart disease

  • Irregular heartbeat

Diagnosing heart issues

If the patient comes to a cardiologist like those at https://www.carolinacardiologyassociates.com/, he or she first undergoes an anamnesis interview. In this conversation, the specialist will ask various questions, among other things to get information for a diagnosis. Possible questions can be:

  • What is your lifestyle like?

  • Do you smoke?

  • Do you play sports?

  • What is your nutrition like?

  • Do you drink alcohol regularly?

  • Do you experience certain symptoms and, if so, which ones? (e.g. dizziness, headache, reduced performance, shortness of breath, fainting spells, high blood pressure, etc.)

  • Do you have certain pre-existing conditions that affect the cardiovascular system?

  • Are you allergic to certain things?

  • Are there (cardiac) diseases in your family? (Family history)

  • Are you taking medication and, if so, which ones? (Medical history)

After the medical history, the physical examination takes place. The chest area in which the heart is located is monitored with the stethoscope. The cardiologist can already detect irregular heartbeats, such as those associated with cardiac arrhythmias. By default, the doctor measures both pulse and blood pressure, although a 24-hour blood pressure measurement may also be necessary.

Carolina Cardiology Associates is an SC-based company with nearly 75 years of combined experience in Cardiology. They service the Rock Hill, Lancaster, and Fort Mill areas.

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