According to latest market report published by Persistence Market Research “Global Market Study on Automotive Composites: Polymer Matrix Composites to be the Largest Segment by 2022”, the global automotive composites market was valued at US$ 3,062.7 Mn in 2014, which is expected to increase to US$ 7,019.7 Mn by 2022 at a CAGR of 8.8%.
Increasing urban population due to rising industrialization, particularly in developing countries such as India and China, is encouraging the establishment of automotive manufacturing facilities in these regions. Increasing automobile production is expected to fuel the overall demand for carbon composites in the near future. In 2014, 16.5 million vehicles were manufactured in the U.S., compared to 15.6 million in 2013. This number is expected to increase to 17.0 million by the end of 2015. In addition, increasing carbon emissions due to rising number of vehicles over the last few decades is prompting governments worldwide to revamp various aspects in order to adhere to environmental norms and regulations, particularly with emphasis on reduction of carbon emissions from vehicles. Automakers are focused towards using lightweight materials to manufacture external and internal parts of vehicles in order to reduce vehicle weight, and in turn improve fuel efficiency. This is a major factor driving growth of the automotive composites market.
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Some of the major drivers identified in the market are growing preference for fuel-efficient passenger cars, improving vehicle aesthetics in order to achieve product differentiation, increasing vehicles production especially in Asia Pacific region, and stringent vehicle emission norms. Minor restraints identified in the market is relatively high cost of composites.
This is influencing automakers towards investing in the R&D of lightweight materials to manufacture the exterior and interior parts/components of the vehicle. This reduces the overall weight of the vehicle, in turn, improving its fuel efficiency. According to SuperLight-Car, Germany, around one-third of total fuel consumption by passenger cars depends on weight. For instance, weight reduction of the vehicle by 100 kg is expected to save 0.3 to 0.5 liters of fuel for every 100 km drive.
Owing to increasing automotive production, especially in developing Asia-Pacific countries such as India and China, consumption of automotive composites has witnessed steady growth in the recent past. In 2013, there were 800 vehicles per 1,000 people in the U.S. compared to 600 vehicles per 1,000 people in Japan, 80 cars per 1,000 people in China, and 25 vehicles per 1,000 people in India.
Asia-Pacific was the largest market for automotive composites in 2014, accounting for 50.8% market share, followed by Europe and North America, with 22.7% and 15.5% market shares respectively. The Asia-Pacific market is expected to account for 52.4% by 2022. Rising domestic automotive production, especially in developing countries such as India and China, is expected to boost the Asia Pacific automotive composite market. The Europe market is expected to lose market share to reach 21.9% by 2022. However, the automotive composite market in North America is expected to marginally gain market share to reach 15.9% by 2022.
The automotive composites market is divided on the basis of composite material (polymer matrix composites, metal composites and ceramic matrix composites), manufacturing process (manual, compression, injection and continuous and other), composite component (interior components, exterior components, engine and drivetrain components and others) in major region. The polymer matrix composites segment held the largest share in 2014 and was valued at US$ 2,728.6 Mn. The segment is expected to reach US$ 5,290.8 Mn by 2022, at a CAGR of 8.7% for the period 2015–2022. However, the metal composites segment is expected to exhibit the highest CAGR of 9.9% during the forecast period to reach US$ 1,203.4 Mn by 2022.
The global automotive composite market is highly consolidated, with the top four companies accounting for about 70–75% market share. Toray Industries, Toho Co. Ltd., Mitsubishi, and SGL are the prominent players in the market. Other major players operating in the global automotive composites are Cytec Industries Inc., SAERTEX GmbH & Co. KG, Koninklijke Ten Cate N.V., Johns Manville, Johnson Controls, Inc., Scott Bader Company Ltd., Teijin Limited, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, and UFP Technologies, Inc.
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