November 18, 2020, was World COPD Day. Let’s unlock the mysteries of COPD and learn about how to prevent and treat it.
At present, the number of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in China has exceeded 100 million. COPD is deeply concealed, usually accompanied by chronic cough and persistent phlegm. Follow gradually appear chest and short of breath, go out to buy food or just climb a few stairs will be out of breath. Patients’ own life is seriously affected, at the same time ,it also brings a huge burden to the family.
Part I: What is COPD?
Unlike high blood pressure and diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not a single disease, but a general term that describes a chronic lung disease that restricts airflow in the lungs. The disease is caused by prolonged exposure to airborne irritants, including cigarette smoke. With a high rate of disability and fatality, it has become the third leading cause of death in China.
Part II: There are 86 patients with COPD for every 1000 people over the age of 20
According to the study, the prevalence of COPD in adults aged 20 and above in China is 8.6%, and the prevalence of COPD is positively correlated with age. The prevalence of COPD is relatively low in the age range of 20-39 years. After the age of 40, the prevalence increases exponentially
Part III: Over the age of 40, there is 1 in 10 people with COPD
According to the study, the prevalence of COPD in adults aged 40 and above in China is 13.7%; The prevalence rate among people over 60 years of age has exceeded 27%. The older the age, the higher the prevalence of COPD. At the same time, the prevalence rate was significantly higher in men than women. In the age range of 40 years and above, the prevalence rate was 19.0% in men and 8.1% in women, which was 2.35 times higher in men than in women.
Part IV: Who is at higher risk, how to prevent and treat it?
1. Who is susceptible to COPD?
People who smoke are prone to COPD. Besides, people who spent long periods of time working in smoky or dusty places, who were exposed to passive smoking, and who had frequent respiratory infections as children were also at high risk.
2. How to prevent and treat it?
COPD cannot be completely cured, there is no specific medicine, so pay attention to prevent it. Avoiding smoking is the most effective prevention and treatment. At the same time, patients with COPD can also be treated with a ventilator to improve the quality of their ventilation, reduce carbon dioxide retention and control the progression of the disease.