The uniqueness of Borjomi water stem from the mystery of its origin

Borjomi is a mineral drinking water of volcanic origin, which by natural standards is over 1,500 years old. Borjomi water tests show that it is formed by deep-earth mineralized, modern fresh and low-mineralized waters. So, what’s the exact origin of this water? To answer this question, let’s move for a moment to the glorious country of Georgia.

The spectacular splendor of the Caucasus Mountains is known across the world. The Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park, which covers over 700 square kilometers and is Europe’s largest, is located there. Borjomi became one of the most popular vacation destinations in the former Soviet Union due to its attractive and accessible location, healthy climate, and, most significantly, mineral springs. Scientists and ethnographers are enthralled by its “climatic phenomenon”: the purest glacial water from Georgian highlands and relict pine woods-growing by the slopes of rocks form a unique environment from which the world-famous BORJOMI Gorge mineral water is born.

The therapeutic effects of this water have been documented in ancient eposes. Historians and archeologists believe that ancient people not only drank Borjomi water but also utilized it in curative baths, as evidenced by stone bathtubs uncovered during archeological digs and dated to the early first millennium AD. Mineral waters from the Borjomi Gorge were used from the 1st century AD until the late 16th century, according to research. Archaeologists also discovered medieval clay pipes connected to some of Borjomi’s springs. Because of the constant conflicts between the 16th and 18th centuries, these springs were forgotten and abandoned for a long time, and were only rediscovered in the 19th century, following the Russian Empire’s acquisition of Georgia.

Borjomi mineral water springs are located at an elevation of 760-920 meters above sea level in the Caucasus’ central region. Borjomi water is sourced from nine deep wells in the Borjomi natural preserve, ranging in depth from 1,200 to 1,500 meters.

Source of Borjomi mineral water

Since 1927, the Borjomi source has been investigated. Between 1927 and 1982, 57 wells were drilled in total. The middle area of this production site featured two mineral springs before exploratory drilling commenced. They are remembered as some of the first springs discovered in the Borjomi Gorge, and were named for Colonel Yevgeni Golovin and his daughter, who was treated by Borjomi water. 

The Borjomi Gorge now has three production sites, each with nine producing wells. Another 13 wells are used to monitor the source on a regular basis (water level, pressure, temperature, etc.). Production wells have been undergoing extensive rehabilitation and upgrade work since 2000, with the goal of maintaining high international quality requirements. 

BORJOMI springs 

Drilling from 1957 to 1978 dramatically expanded the Borjomi source’s bounds, allowing for the discovery of new production sites and a major increase in BORJOMI water reserves. In Soviet times, it allowed to produce up to 400 million bottles per year, and today it allows for the production and bottling of Borjomi natural spring water for export to over 40 countries around the world.

There are several mineral water variants in the Caucasus, but none have the same composition as Borjomi. Since the beginning of the 19th century, over 100 scientific publications and medical studies have been written regarding its special qualities. Borjomi mineral springs have been researched by geologists and chemists for over 170 years, and the invariability of temperature, physicochemical qualities, and mineral content of this water has been confirmed. Chemical and microbiological analysis of the water is performed every hour at the bottling factory, as required by strict European standards.


Borjomi’s composition is the same today as it was over a century ago, as evidenced by frequent testing conducted since 1890. Borjomi mineral water is bottled on the production site and sent to the consumer while keeping all its unique features, as determined by numerous international research companies.

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