The Electric Vehicle Market is projected to reach 27 million units by 2030 from an estimated 3 million units in 2019, at a CAGR of 21.1%.
Encouraging investments made by governments across the globe to increase the adoption of electric vehicles, creating opportunities for OEMs to expand their revenue stream and geographical presence. The European market is projected to experience steady growth, owing to a well-developed infrastructure for electric vehicles, while the Asia Pacific market is the fastest due to the strong presence of major electric vehicle manufacturing OEMs. However, the initial high costs and lack of standardization of charging stations could hamper the growth of the global electric vehicle market.
The global electric vehicle market is dominated by major players such as Tesla (US), BYD (China), BMW (Germany), Volkswagen (Germany), and Nissan (Japan).
1 Use of Vehicle-To-Grid (V2g) Ev Charging Stations
2 EV Charging Stations Powered By Renewable Energy
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FCEV segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR
FCEVs have a better fuel economy and can travel around 300-400 miles with a full fuel tank. The refueling time for fuel cell-powered vehicles is about 3 to 5 minutes. This makes FCEVs an ideal option for transportation on definite or fixed routes. However, the availability of infrastructure such as hydrogen refueling stations, hydrogen production facilities, and supporting fuel cell technology is minimal worldwide due to the substantial cost of fuel cell stack and system. However, countries like Japan and South Korea are investing in the development of FCEVs. For instance, Japan is aiming to set up 900 hydrogen refueling stations and 800,000 fuel cell cars by 2030. In South Korea, the Ministry of Knowledge Economy is also making similar efforts to promote fuel cells in the country.
The mid-priced segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR
The mid-priced segment is expected to be the fastest-growing market during the forecast period. In the Asia Pacific, China is one of the leading countries for the mid-priced segment. Companies such as BYD, Smart, and Great Wall Motors are manufacturing vehicles that are relatively less expensive. In July 2018, Great Wall Motors announced a partnership with BMW Group to produce electric MINI vehicles in China. In December 2018, the company launched its new flagship vehicle under its new ‘ORA’ electric car brand: the ORA R1. The small urban car will cost only USD 8,680 after incentives with a range of almost 200 miles. Also, established automotive manufacturers such as Hyundai, General Motors, Honda, and Nissan are manufacturing mid-priced EVs to acquire a greater market share.
The supercharging segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR
Tesla pioneered the installation of supercharging stations across the world. These super-fast charging stations can charge an EV battery in approximately 30 minutes. However, superchargers are exclusive only to Tesla EVs and do not function on other manufacturer’s models. As of January 2019, Tesla had over 1,400 supercharging stations across the world. With the mounting planned production of Tesla EVs that are set to be launched over the next few years, the supercharging segment is expected to grow in tandem.
Besides Tesla, ABB and Tritium have introduced super-fast charging technologies, 350 kW Terra HP and Veefil-PK, respectively. Additionally, JET Charge has installed super-high charging power stations in Australia. Innovations by global as well as some key regional players are expected to open new avenues for the growth of this segment over the next few years.
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North America: The US is expected to lead the North American market
North America is estimated to be the fastest-growing market during the forecast period. North America comprises developed economies such as the US & Canada and is home to many leading players such as Tesla and Ford and charging infrastructure companies such as ChargePoint, Leviton, and Car Charging Group. Infrastructural developments and industrialization in developed economies have opened new avenues, creating several opportunities for OEMs. The implementation of new technologies and the establishment of new government regulations are driving the electric vehicle market in this region.
The Asia Pacific is expected to lead the market during the forecast period
The Asia Pacific is expected to be the largest electric vehicle market by 2030 due to the rising demand for greener transportation along with several initiatives by private organizations as well as governments. The region is home to some of the fastest developing economies of the world, such as China and India. The governments of these developing economies have recognized the growth potential of the electric vehicle market, and hence, have undertaken different initiatives to attract major OEMs to manufacture electric vehicles in domestic markets. For instance, in March 2019, the Indian government announced the second phase of FAME – II, which includes setting up 2,700 charging stations in metro cities. Also, the Indian government plans to make it mandatory for cab-hailing companies Ola and Uber to have 40% of their fleet as electric vehicles.
China is also investing heavily in the production of commercial electric vehicles with plans for export. OEMs such as BYD plan to open plants in other parts of the world to manufacture electric buses and electric trucks to meet regional demand. In December 2017, Toyota announced plans to launch 10 new EV models by 2020 in Japan. The EV charging infrastructure in Japan is already at an advanced stage; thus, EV sales and electric vehicle charging stations market are expected to grow significantly in the near future. All these factors will drive the electric vehicle market in the Asia Pacific region.
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